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What is anesthesia?

In modern medicine, anesthesia is the state of ‘numbness’ that allows surgical procedures to be performed on a patient in a safe and comfortable manner. Anesthesia primarily induces unconsciousness in the patient and eliminates the sensation of pain. Anesthesiology is a medical discipline that focuses on ensuring the safety of the patient and providing comprehensive care, including pain management, before, during, and after any surgical procedure.

An anesthesiologist is a medical doctor who has graduated from medical school and completed four years of specialization training in this field. They are trained to utilize advanced medical technologies to ensure the smooth progression of your surgical process and facilitate your recovery. However, it is not only about eliminating sensation during surgery; it is also crucial for the anesthesia team to monitor vital signs such as circulation and respiration throughout the procedure. In this regard, your anesthesiologist serves as your guardian during the surgery, ensuring your well-being in every aspect.

Before the surgery, your anesthesiologist will examine you and discuss with you the most suitable anesthesia method for the procedure. Additionally, it’s important to note that one of the responsibilities of anesthesiologists is the monitoring and treatment of patients in intensive care units.

General Anesthesia

The patient is always evaluated by an anesthesiologist before surgery. During this evaluation, the patient’s medical condition is reviewed by the anesthesia specialist. Existing illnesses and the rationale for the surgical procedure are carefully assessed, and based on these considerations, the anesthesiologist, together with the patient, decides on the type of anesthesia.

If the patient is completely unconscious under anesthesia, this is called ‘General Anesthesia.’ General anesthesia must always be administered by an anesthesiologist. Nowadays, there is usually an assistant technician alongside the anesthesiologist. Various medications are used for general anesthesia. Along with drugs administered intravenously, gases used in combination with oxygen can also be preferred. The appropriate medications are always selected based on the patient’s individual characteristics. Modern medicine has developed drugs that provide much better results compared to those used in the past.

Regional Anesthesia

The numbing of a specific part of the body (such as the leg, chest, or arm) by injecting medication is called ‘Regional Anesthesia.’ This includes various types such as epidural, spinal, and nerve blocks.

Local Anesthesia

Only the area where the procedure is performed is numbed, and this is referred to as ‘local anesthesia.’ It is mostly used for minor surgical procedures. Your operating doctor can administer the numbing, but when there is a need for monitoring vital functions like breathing and circulation, your anesthesiologist will take care of it.

Before Surgery

The anesthesia team is constantly by your side, including before and after the surgery. They assess your health condition, visit you in your room, and explain what will be done. They inquire about any past illnesses and surgeries you’ve had. They ensure you receive the necessary medications and tests before surgery. Based on your condition and the results of these tests and examinations, they select the most appropriate anesthesia method for you.

During Surgery

Your anesthesiologist first administers the necessary medications to ensure you don’t feel any pain during the surgery. They monitor the regular functioning of your heart and lungs throughout the surgery and provide the necessary treatments to ensure they and other organs function well. Your anesthesiologist stays with you throughout the surgery, serving as your closest guardian, allowing your surgeon to focus entirely on their work.

After Surgery

An anesthesiologist is not only responsible for putting you to sleep but also for waking you up. Another important task is to ensure you recover from the effects of the medications administered during the surgery. Additionally, preparing and implementing the necessary care and treatments to ensure you are pain-free and healthy after the surgery are also among the responsibilities of the anesthesiologist.

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