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Brain, spinal cord, and nerve surgery (neurosurgery) is a medical specialty aimed at treating diseases of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system (nerves that branch out from the brain and spinal cord) that require surgical intervention.

The Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Surgery Department at Biruni University Hospital is structured to provide 24-hour service using technological facilities at international standards for the diagnosis and surgical treatment of all brain, spine, spinal cord, and nerve diseases.

Brain surgery

  • Brain Tumors
  • Cervical Vascular Diseases
  • Brain Hemorrhages
  • Vascular Surgery – Aneurysm, Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM), Cavernoma, Bypass Surgery
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia, Hemifacial Spasm, Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia
  • Pituitary Tumors
  • Chiari Malformation (Cerebellar Herniation)
  • Pediatric Brain Surgery (Neonatal – Childhood Brain Tumors, Congenital Brain and Spinal Cord Disorders)
  • Craniofacial Surgery (Cranial Shape Modification)
  • Movement Disorders
  • Severe Epilepsy (Seizure Disorder)

Spinal Surgery

  • Herniated Discs,
  • Cervical Disc Herniation,
  • Spinal Fusion (Joining of Spinal Bones),
  • Failed Back and Neck Surgeries,
  • Spinal Dislocations,
  • Spinal Traumas,
  • Spinal Tumors,
  • Scoliosis Surgery,
  • Pediatric Spine Surgery (Neonatal – Childhood Spine Tumors,
  • Congenital Spine Disorders),
  • Pancoast Tumors,
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS – Pain Pacemaker)

Peripheral Surgery

  • Peripheral Nerve Entrapment Neuropathy,
  • Peripheral Nerve Injuries,
  • Peripheral Nerve Tumors,
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome,

In addition, in recent years, focal beam therapy has been used for some tumors and cerebral vascular diseases, allowing for anesthesia-free and minimally invasive procedures.

Brain, spinal cord, and nerve surgery encompass a wide range of areas of interest, which is why in recent years, brain and nerve surgeons have been focusing intensively on their preferred specialized fields.

The subfields of Brain and Nerve Surgery include:

  • Pediatric (Child) Neurosurgery
  • Oncological (Dealing with Tumors) Neurosurgery
  • Vascular (Dealing with Vascular Diseases) Neurosurgery
  • Functional Neurosurgery
  • Peripheral Nerve Surgery
  • Spinal (Spine and Spinal Cord) Surgery
  • Skull Base Surgery (Hypophysis Tumors, Skull Base Tumors, and Vascular Diseases)
  • Neuropsychiatric Neurosurgery (Surgical Treatment of Certain Psychiatric Disorders)

In brain and nerve surgery, diagnostic methods vary depending on the disease and its location. Some diagnostic tests and devices used for diagnosis include:

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
  • X-ray (Radiography)
  • Angiography (Visualization of Blood Vessels)
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • Doppler Ultrasound
  • Brainstem Auditory Evoked Responses (BAER)
  • Motor Evoked Potentials (MEP)
  • Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SEP)
  • Visual Evoked Potentials (VEP)
  • Discography
  • Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap)
  • Myelography
  • Biopsy

The types of surgeries performed in brain and nerve surgery also vary depending on the disease, its location, and the surgeon’s preference. Some commonly used surgical techniques include:

  • Open Surgery
  • Microsurgery
  • Endoscopic Surgery
  • Stereotactic Surgery
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery
  • Percutaneous Minimal Invasive Surgery
  • Functional Interventions
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