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What is Check-Up?

Check-up” is a health screening that every individual should undergo at regular intervals to maintain their health. Check-up, also known as periodic health screening, helps identify hidden problems that may lead to disease in the future and allows preventive measures to be taken, even in individuals with no complaints.

Many of today’s diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, hypertension, and others, require early and accurate diagnosis, which is crucial for both life expectancy and quality. Additionally, diseases like hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes, which can progress silently for years without causing any symptoms and can also cause damage to vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys, highlight the importance of early diagnosis and regular treatment.

Who is recommended to have a Check-Up?

Regular health screening at intervals is recommended for individuals at risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension, prostate diseases, and cancer. Early diagnosis of certain cancers such as liver disease, breast, uterus, colon, bladder, and prostate is also vital. It should be remembered that early detection of many diseases leads to much greater success in treatment. Therefore, having a check-up once a year can help you keep your health in check.

How often should Check-Up be done?

It is recommended that a healthy individual undergo a check-up once a year. Health screening becomes particularly important for identifying risks that do not yet cause symptoms or complaints.

How is Check-Up performed?

On the appointment day for the check-up, individuals arrive at the check-up center on an empty stomach (fasting for 8-10 hours). Blood and urine samples are taken, and additional imaging methods such as electrocardiograms (EKG), chest X-rays, and abdominal ultrasound are used.

Tests such as mammography and PSA testing are performed according to the individual’s age and gender. Endoscopic examinations may be planned for individuals over 50 years of age.

The duration of the check-up varies depending on the panel content. Results are typically available on the same day or on the following days, depending on the tests included in the check-up panel.

What to consider before Check-Up?

As certain tests may require some preparation, it is recommended to follow these suggestions to ensure the procedures run smoothly, reduce waiting times between tests, and obtain accurate results:

If you are taking any medications regularly, you can continue taking them before your check-up. For laboratory tests, fasting for approximately 12-14 hours before blood collection is necessary. Water intake is allowed, but consumption of cigarettes and foods containing sugar and caffeine should be avoided. Avoid alcohol consumption the day before the appointment and consume light meals for dinner. For ultrasound examination of the abdomen, it is necessary to be fasting and have a full bladder (feeling the urge to urinate) on the day of the check-up. Therefore, it is recommended to start drinking water at the appropriate time on the day of your appointments as directed by the check-up staff and refrain from urinating after starting to drink water. If your check-up program includes a Stress EKG test, it is recommended to bring a towel, spare undershirt, sportswear, and sports shoes. For female patients; if your check-up program includes a mammography test, it is recommended not to shower and avoid using creams, perfumes, and similar products. Don’t forget to inform your doctor about the medications you are taking. If you have previous test results, please bring them with you. What are the Stages of Check-Up? A detailed physical examination is performed by the physician to evaluate risk factors and select an appropriate check-up program. Blood tests determine the individual’s metabolic, hormonal, and hematological status. Radiological examinations visualize the organs, and advanced tests may be added to the check-up program if deemed necessary. Functional tests measure the condition of the heart and respiratory system. Endoscopic examinations aim to directly access the stomach and intestines and, if necessary, take samples. Finally, a consultation meeting is held with the physician to review the results, and a treatment plan is developed based on the findings.

Does Menstruation affect Check-Up results?

Some hormone tests may be performed at the beginning of menstruation, while others may be performed in the middle of menstruation. There may be specific periods for hormone tests, mammography, and breast ultrasound. It is advisable to inform your check-up physician about your menstrual cycle.

When will I receive my Check-Up results?

Check-up results are usually available on the same day, and the physician will inform the patient about their condition. However, specialized tests may take 2-3 days or 1 week to yield results.

Can Pregnant Women have Check-Up?

Pregnant women can benefit from check-ups except for tests involving radiation, such as chest X-rays and radiological examinations.

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