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Chest Diseases

Our Chest Diseases Department provides the most contemporary service to its patients by utilizing all the opportunities of advanced technology in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in this field. Additionally, our Chest Diseases Department offers a Smoking Cessation Clinic service for smokers aiming to quit smoking, and a Sleep Clinic service for the diagnosis and treatment of Sleep Apnea Syndrome.

Asthma Allergic rhinitis COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Pneumonia Tuberculosis (TB) Sleep Apnea Syndrome Pulmonary embolism Bronchiectasis Lung cancer Chronic bronchitis Smoking addiction Respiratory infections The common symptoms of chest diseases include coughing, sputum production, shortness of breath, wheezing, fever, sweating, loss of appetite, weight loss, chest-back pain.

Diagnosis and Treatment Methods in Chest Diseases Bronchoscopy It is an examination performed through a thin tube with a light at the end to visualize the trachea and large airways, take biopsies, and obtain secretion samples. The procedure is done through the nose or mouth. Since local anesthesia is applied before the procedure, the patient does not feel the procedure. The procedure takes an average of 30 minutes, and the patient can be discharged from the hospital 2 hours after the procedure.

In which complaints is Bronchoscopy used? In cases of long-standing and persistent cough, In cases of bloody sputum and hemoptysis after coughing, When there is suspicion of lung tumor on chest X-ray or computed tomography, In cases of hoarseness lasting more than two weeks, In patients with shortness of breath without explaining the cause, In chest traumas and injuries, To remove secretions accumulated in the bronchi and making breathing difficult, To remove a foreign body that has entered the respiratory tract, Asthma Patients describing shortness of breath, coughing, sensitivity to certain odors should consult a chest diseases specialist for the evaluation of asthma. Based on the results of tests such as respiratory examination, lung X-ray, and pulmonary function test, diagnosis and treatment can be initiated. Most asthmatic patients also have allergic complaints. Achieving satisfactory results in asthma treatment is possible with the implementation of necessary measures and, in some cases, with the help of bronchodilator medications.

Skin Allergy Test These are tests applied to the skin to determine whether there is an allergy. Since they are applied quickly, safe, and have reliable results, they are the most preferred allergy diagnostic method.

Who are the Skin Allergy Tests applied to? This test is performed when there is suspicion of asthma, allergic rhinitis (allergic rhinitis), allergic eczema, urticaria, and food allergy in the patient. It reveals what the patient is allergic to.

Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are physiological tests that measure a person’s lung function, which determines how the person breathes air over time. These tests are performed with devices called “Spirometers”. This test helps to objectively measure lung capacity and functional status. The result of the test is quickly obtained and evaluated by a chest diseases specialist. With this test, a diagnosis of asthma or COPD can be made, and the severity of the disease can be determined. Pulmonary function tests are used for screening individuals at risk of lung disease and for the course and treatment of COPD, bronchial asthma, and diseases affecting the respiratory muscles.

Who are Pulmonary Function Tests Performed on? Pulmonary function tests are used in cases of wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing, as well as in individuals at risk of lung disease, and in cases of COPD, bronchial asthma, and respiratory muscle diseases.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) COPD typically manifests as shortness of breath due to narrowing of the airways, often associated with smoking. In severe cases, oxygen deficiency and respiratory failure develop, requiring some device support. Even simple infections can sometimes cause severe attacks requiring hospitalization. Individual treatments tailored to the stage of the disease and preventive vaccinations are necessary to prevent progression and increase the quality of life. It is possible to prevent progression and increase the quality of life with individual treatments arranged by a chest diseases specialist and regular check-ups.

Pneumonia Pneumonia is an inflammatory lung disease caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites settling in the lungs. This infection causes inflammation of the alveoli, small air sacs filled with air, and filling with fluid leaking from the vessels. Symptoms include severe headache, sudden dizziness, chills, shivering, breathing problems, back pain, fatigue, and a feeling of distraction, decreased appetite, weight loss, chest pain, sweating.

Early diagnosis can save lives from pneumonia, which is the leading cause of infection-related deaths.

Tuberculosis (TB) Tuberculosis, caused by a bacterium called mycobacterium tuberculosis (Koch bacillus), is an infectious and inflammatory disease. Although it mostly appears in the lungs, it can affect other organs rarely. It is generally known as pulmonary tuberculosis. This bacterium may not cause disease immediately after entering the body. However, due to various reasons such as a decrease in body resistance, this bacterium may cause tuberculosis later on.

Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Sleep Test

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) describes the repetitive obstruction of the upper airway during sleep. Because it causes breathing to stop and oxygen levels to drop, early diagnosis and treatment are essential. It is more common in individuals with a short and wide neck structure, a recessed chin structure. Patients often present with complaints of snoring and sleep disturbances, choking, gasping during sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, and fatigue. Thyroid disorders, diabetes, high cholesterol, and hypertension can accompany sleep apnea, and can be an indication for sleep testing.

OSAS diagnosis is made through a sleep test (polysomnography), which is an examination of sleep recorded overnight in a sleep laboratory and evaluated in detail by a physician. The diagnosis and treatment process is carried out jointly by a chest diseases specialist, an ear nose throat specialist, and dentists.

Who Should Be Suspected of Having Sleep Apnea Syndrome?

OSAS should be considered if the following complaints are present during sleep: Snoring, Unsatisfactory sleep and waking up tired in the morning, Feeling of choking during sleep, Respiratory pauses, Night sweats (especially in the head and neck area), Morning headaches, Daytime drowsiness and desire to sleep, Difficulty concentrating and memory loss, Frequent urination at night, Impotence, Depression and irritability, Palpitations and hypertension How is the Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea Syndrome Made?

A sleep test, called polysomnography, is required for the definitive diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Smoking Addiction and Quitting

Cigarettes are defined as a significant risk factor for diseases that cause death worldwide. It is closely related to diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, COPD, and lung cancer. While nicotine in cigarettes has an addictive effect, harmful combustion gases also destroy cells. Low-nicotine, mentholated, light cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, and hookahs are equally harmful as standard cigarettes. It should not be forgotten that smoking harms not only the smoker’s health but also those around them, their families

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