Medical Genetics is a section that deals with the diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment of diseases that concern genetic material in general. Changes in our DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid), which is a genetic material that is found in the nucleus of our cells, which allows us to multiply from a single cell to billions of cells and become adults, and which we receive jointly from our parents and their effects are of interest to the Department of Medical Genetics.
The effects of these changes in our DNA can occur during prenatal pregnancy and in almost any period of life in different ways.
Along with genetic counseling, the patient is provided with genetic risk analysis with the help of psychology, educational support, and information about the patient's care and their family. After a definitive risk assessment in a family, high-risk couples for severe genetic diseases can be minimized with prenatal and pre-implantation diagnosis, and couples who have previously given up due to the risk may be offered the opportunity to have healthy children in terms of the related disease.
In addition to contacting the patient directly, the Medical Genetics Department ensures that genetic tests for the disease considered in the patient are performed with the Genetic Diseases Diagnostic Center, the test result is compatible with the disease, and it can provide information about the result directly and clearly to the patient. Genetic tests are performed to diagnose, follow up, and treat many diseases. In this sense, new tests continue to be added in direct proportion to the developments in medicine that are constantly updated in our Genetic Diseases Diagnostic Center.
With the developments in medicine, the field of use of genetic tests has begun to be applied in almost all areas of medicine, including oncological and hematological diseases. Therefore, the Department of Medical Genetics has also been involved in joint work with many branches.