In addition, the evaluation of systemic diseases (such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and rheumatological diseases), various conditions such as fluid loss, heart failure, sepsis, and the adverse effects that medications that are constantly used can have on the kidneys, and their prevention and treatment, the planning, implementation of kidney replacement treatments (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, kidney transplantation) and the follow-up of these patients are within the scope of the Nephrology branch.
The kidneys, which are vital for the body, are located on both sides of the spine, just above the waist and in the abdominal cavity.
Health problems such as loss of appetite, involuntary weight loss, bloody urine, frequent urination, nausea, swelling around the eyes, and shortness of breath are associated with the kidney. Therefore, nephrologists are engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases.
Acute Kidney Failure
In acute renal failure, infections, medications, urinary tract blockages, excessive fluid loss, and severely low blood pressure can slow down the kidney's functioning suddenly while the kidneys are working. In this case, kidney values such as urea and creatinine rise. Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, swelling of the legs and eyelids, high blood pressure, a decrease in the amount of urine, and darkening of the color of urine occur. Acute renal failure can be life-threatening if left untreated.
(Chronic) Renal failure
Chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and kidney stones can lead to kidney failure by reducing the working capacity of the kidney over time.
Chronic renal failure progresses insidiously and gives symptoms at a late stage. That is why early detection is essential before the disease progresses further. As renal failure progresses, weakness and low blood pressure may begin, the appetite may decrease, blood pressure may occur, existing blood pressure may increase, and bones may weaken.
These treatments are dialysis treatment or kidney transplant treatment. In addition to having a dialysis unit in our hospital, kidney transplant treatment is also applied to appropriate patients by our experienced organ transplant team.
URINARY TRACT INFECTION