The pulmonology department is the central science that deals with diagnosing and treating diseases that occur in the lungs and respiratory system. The doctors of the department deal with many disorders such as asthma, allergic diseases, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, lung embolism, chronic cough, lung cancer, breathing disorders that occur during sleep, diseases associated with the addiction of smoking, organize treatment, working with a multidisciplinary approach. When necessary for diagnosis and treatment, many different techniques are used, such as advanced radiological imaging examinations, laboratory tests, forced vital capacity tests performed in the respiratory function laboratory, and diffusion tests.


Advanced interventional methods used simultaneously with the world and can be applied only in the numbered center are used in the Department of Chest Diseases of Biruni University Hospital.

Bronchoscopy is the name given to the method used to evaluate the windpipe directly by seeing the large bronchi, the endobronchial area of the lungs, through a tube with a camera and a light system at the end. It allows many interventions such as taking enough parts, removing foreign bodies if necessary, cleaning the secretions (sputum) in the lungs, taking lavage (washing) samples, emptying abscesses, expanding narrowed airways and placing stents if necessary, intervening in airway diseases,,, from inside the lungs and so on.


The sterile saline supplied to the airways can be passed through a bronchoscope, and then this liquid can be absorbed, and the cells in the airways can be sampled. This process is also known as bronchial washing (bronchial lavage). Samples of bronchial lavage fluid are then examined in the laboratory.


Thanks to endobronchial ultrasonography, bronchoscopy has ceased to be a tool that evaluates only the inside of the airways, and the mediastinum and peribronchial areas outside the airways have also become visible and sampled in real-time. Due to its proven high diagnostic value, this method allows the diagnosis of hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathies and mass lesions. Many international guidelines recommend it as the first choice method for the mediastinal staging of lung cancer.