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Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases

Endocrinology is a medical field that examines and controls many endocrine glands in the body, which secrete hormones, and investigates diseases related to these glands.

In our Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases Department, we evaluate all stages from diagnosis to treatment of topics within our expertise, providing our patients with the most current and scientific solutions.

What is the Endocrine System? The endocrine system is a complex group of glands that secrete hormones in your body, helping to control its activities. Different types of hormones control reproduction, metabolism, growth, and development. Hormones also control how you respond to your environment and help provide the energy and nutrition your body needs to function.

The endocrine system releases chemical messengers called hormones into our bodies. We use these chemical messengers to produce a response to environmental stimuli.

Almost all our functions, from drinking water to sleeping, eating to heart rate, are controlled by these chemicals. This is because for our bodies to be balanced and healthy, all parts must work together. The endocrine system includes organs that control these functions, including the brain, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, and reproductive organs, and regulates metabolism.

Metabolism is the process of converting the nutrients we consume into energy or substances needed by the body. The endocrine system and metabolism work together in a complex, intertwined manner.

If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone disorders also occur when your body does not respond to hormones as it should.

Endocrine Glands: Hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonadal glands, pineal gland

Diagnosis and Treatment of Endocrine System Diseases There are many diseases and diagnostic and treatment methods within the scope of the endocrinology discipline. These range from medical treatment to surgical intervention. Laboratory and radiological tests may be ordered when deemed appropriate by your specialist physician. All complaints, symptoms, and results are evaluated, and an appropriate diagnosis is made. Then, a treatment method is rapidly determined.

Endocrine diseases should not be neglected and should be intervened in, as they affect many systems in the body.

Endocrine Diseases Pituitary Gland Diseases Hypopituitarism Excess of prolactin (milk hormone) Excess of cortisol hormone Excess of growth hormone (GH) Deficiency of growth hormone and short stature Diabetes insipidus Thyroid Gland (Goiter) Diseases Goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland) Overactive thyroid gland Underactive thyroid gland Nodular thyroid diseases Inflammatory thyroid diseases ( Hashimoto’s disease Thyroid cancers Parathyroid Gland Diseases Excess of parathyroid hormone (HYPERPARATHYROIDISM) Deficiency of parathyroid hormone (HYPOPARATHYROIDISM) Adrenal Gland Diseases Adrenal or suprarenal

Excess of cortisol hormone (CUSHING’S SYNDROME) Deficiency of cortisol hormone (ADDISON’S DISEASE) Excess of aldosterone hormone (HYPERALDOSTERONISM / CONN’S SYNDROME) Excess of adrenaline hormone (PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA) Ovaries (Ovaries) and Diseases Deficiency of sexual hormones in women (HYPOGONADISM) Polycystic ovary syndrome (amenorrhea, weight gain, and hirsutism) Hirsutism Testis and Hormone Diseases Deficiency of testosterone hormone (HYPOGONADISM) Enlargement of the male breast (GYNECOMASTIA) Erectile dysfunction and impotence (hormonal causes) Underdevelopment of testes and penis leading to lack of beard growth (HYPOGONADISM) Diabetes, obesity (obesity), thyroid diseases, metabolic disorders, excess or insufficient production of hormones, menopause, osteoporosis, hypertension, diseases related to fat metabolism, infertility, growth retardation (short stature), tumors of the endocrine glands

Functions Causing Endocrine Diseases Under normal conditions, endocrine glands work in a certain order and harmony. However, our body is exposed to many natural and unnatural changes that affect this order and harmony. However, some factors can disrupt this harmony and lead to health problems in individuals.

Aging

Diseases

Stress

Environmental factors

Genetics

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