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Genetic Diseases Diagnosis and Evaluation Center

The Medical Genetics department deals with the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of diseases related to hereditary material. It encompasses the study of changes in DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid), the genetic material found in the nucleus of our cells, which governs our development from a single cell to adulthood and is inherited from our parents.

These genetic changes can manifest during prenatal development or at various stages throughout life. Genetic diseases can be inherited from one or both parents or may occur sporadically in a family and be passed on to subsequent generations. Therefore, Medical Genetics not only focuses on the patient but also on the entire family. The family history provides crucial information about whether a condition is hereditary, its course, and its mode of inheritance. Identifying a genetic condition allows for the calculation of the risk to other family members, enabling the provision of appropriate preventive services and counseling to the patient and family.

Genetic counseling involves assessing the patient’s genetic risk, providing psychological and educational support, and imparting information about care for the patient and their family. Following a comprehensive risk assessment within a family, preconception and prenatal diagnosis can minimize the risk of serious genetic diseases in high-risk couples and offer the possibility of having healthy children to couples who may have previously refrained from having children due to genetic concerns. Additionally, genetic testing in at-risk individuals allows for the determination of the likelihood of developing hereditary cancers and the recommendation of appropriate screening and treatment methods.

In addition to direct patient care, the Medical Genetics Department collaborates with the Genetic Diseases Diagnosis Center to perform genetic tests for suspected conditions, ensure the compatibility of test results with the disease, and provide clear and direct information to the patient. Our Genetic Diseases Diagnosis Center conducts a wide range of genetic tests for the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of various diseases, continuously incorporating new tests in line with advances in medical science.

As genetic testing becomes increasingly relevant across various medical specialties, including oncology and hematology, the Medical Genetics Department collaborates with multiple disciplines to contribute to these advancements in medical care.

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