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Nephrology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the kidneys. In our Nephrology department, we provide services for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up plans of patients with kidney diseases. Common treatments and procedures performed in our Nephrology department include:

  • Hypertension
  • Kidney diseases causing protein loss and blood in urine
  • Acute and chronic kidney failure
  • Kidney diseases related to diabetes
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis (nephritis)
  • Electrolyte disorders
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Cystic kidney diseases

Additionally, the evaluation, prevention, and treatment of various conditions such as systemic diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, rheumatic diseases), fluid loss, heart failure, sepsis, and adverse effects of medications on the kidneys, as well as planning and implementation of renal replacement therapies (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, kidney transplantation) and follow-up of these patients, fall within the scope of Nephrology.


Vital for the body, kidneys are located on both sides of the spine, just above the waist and in the abdominal cavity. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs.

Health problems related to the kidneys include loss of appetite, unintentional weight loss, bloody urine, frequent urination, nausea, swelling around the eyes, and shortness of breath. These conditions are diagnosed and treated by Nephrology specialists.

In cases where the kidneys cannot perform their function properly, you can seek an appointment with a specialist by consulting Nephrology.


What is Acute Kidney Failure?

In acute kidney failure, conditions such as infections, medications, urinary tract obstructions, excessive fluid losses, and severe drops in blood pressure can slow down kidney function while the kidneys are still working normally. In this case, values ​​such as urea and creatinine, which are kidney parameters, increase. Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, swelling in the legs and eyelids, high blood pressure, decreased urine output, and darkening of urine may occur. If acute kidney failure is left untreated, it can be life-threatening.

What is Chronic Kidney Failure?

Chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and kidney stones can gradually reduce kidney function over time, leading to kidney failure.

Chronic kidney failure progresses insidiously and manifests symptoms in the late stage. Therefore, early diagnosis is important before the disease progresses further. As kidney failure progresses, weakness and anemia may occur, appetite may decrease, blood pressure may appear or existing blood pressure may increase, and bones may weaken.

These treatments are dialysis treatment or kidney transplant treatment. Our hospital has a dialysis unit, and experienced organ transplant team provides kidney transplant treatment to eligible patients.

Kidney transplantation continues to be the most perfect treatment option for patients in the advanced stage of kidney failure.


Nephritis, which is defined as inflammation of the kidney tissue affecting filtration, consists of many subgroups of diseases. The symptoms can be very insidious. Proteinuria or the presence of blood elements in the urine, loss of kidney function, are the most common laboratory findings. The diagnosis is made by kidney biopsy.


Kidney stones are seen in one out of every 11 people and can occur in up to 19% of men and 9% of women until the age of 70. Genetic factors, metabolic diseases, and lifestyle determine stone formation. Stones can manifest themselves with severe pain or can develop silently and be noticed incidentally. When left untreated, it can cause shrinkage of the kidneys and the development of kidney failure.


Urinary tract infections are among the most common diseases in women and children. Approximately 10-35% of women experience a urinary system infection at some point in their lives. About 50% of women who have had a urinary tract infection once will have a recurrence. The most common form is acute cystitis, which is defined as an infection in the bladder.

Urinary tract infection can manifest with symptoms such as fever, burning during urination, frequent urination, and nausea. Symptoms can be mild in children and the elderly and may be detected late. If early diagnosis and treatment are not started, the patient’s condition worsens, and kidney failure may develop.

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