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Biruni University Hospital Nutrition and Diet Department provides high-quality and safe nutrition and diet services tailored to individual needs to ensure the continuation of health, support recovery during illness, and promote awareness of healthy eating in the community. Our dietitians stay up-to-date with the latest innovations in nutrition to educate our patients accurately and effectively.

Childhood Nutrition

Healthy, adequate, and balanced nutrition is crucial for children, especially during the preschool years, due to rapid growth and development. Preschool children have increased nutritional needs compared to other life stages, and the dietary habits acquired during this period often persist throughout life. Children, who form the core of society and are in a continuous growth process, are one of the groups most affected by nutritional deficiencies. Poor dietary habits acquired during childhood can become fundamental risk factors for diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and obesity.

In addition to healthy eating, encouraging children to adopt a more active lifestyle, increasing their level of physical activity, and providing support in this regard will contribute significantly to their social, mental, and physical development.

For children to have a healthy diet, they need to consume adequate amounts of the four main food groups: dairy, meat, vegetables and fruits, and grains. Dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and cheese; meats such as meat, chicken, fish, eggs (considered part of the meat group), legumes, and appropriate amounts of seasonal fruits and vegetables from the vegetable and fruit group; and grains such as bread, bulgur, pasta, rice, etc., should be consumed in sufficient quantities at each meal.

Adolescent Nutrition

Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood characterized by rapid physical, biochemical, mental, and social growth, development, and maturation. Adolescence generally encompasses the age group of 12-18 years, starting around 10-12 years in girls and 11-14 years in boys.

Adolescence is a period of rapid growth. Rapid growth and development increase the energy and nutrient requirements. Adequate and balanced nutrition of adolescents is even more critical due to the accelerated growth and development. Nutrition is evaluated based on the adolescent’s age, height, and weight.

Pregnancy Nutrition

The goal of maternal nutrition is to meet the mother’s physiological needs while maintaining the balance of nutrients in her body and ensuring the normal growth of the fetus.

In our country, “inadequate and unbalanced nutrition before and during pregnancy” plays a significant role in maternal and infant mortality. Inadequate and unbalanced nutrition before and during pregnancy leads to many health problems resulting in maternal and infant deaths. The way a pregnant woman eats before and during pregnancy is closely related to the baby’s birth weight, brain development, and health. In our country, due to nutritional disorders, iron deficiency anemia is observed in 58% of pregnant women, iodine deficiencies that are effective in physical and mental development, and calcium deficiencies that play a role in bone development.

Athlete Health Nutrition

Patients with primary immunodeficiency should be followed by doctors specialized in immunodeficiency diseases. Treatment varies depending on the type of disease. In all patients, prevention of infections and general hygiene rules are essential. Depending on the disease group, live vaccine applications should be organized. Revision of vaccines must be communicated to the family doctor who follows the patient’s vaccination program in writing. In some cases, long-term antibiotic and antifungal treatment may be necessary. In severe antibody deficiencies, intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) replacement is the most important part of treatment. IVIG, licensed in 1981 for the treatment of primary antibody deficiencies, has been used in the treatment of many diseases over the past 40 years. IVIG is administered intravenously every 3-4 weeks regularly. Standard IVIG preparations are obtained from 5000-10000 donor plasmas. They contain the wide variety of antibodies that donors create through natural infection and immunization. While the main component is immunoglobulin G (IgG), it may contain small amounts of immunoglobulin A (IgA) and various stabilizers (maltose, sucrose, glucose, proline, glycine). IVIG is generally well-tolerated, but side effects may rarely occur. Mild side effects such as fever, chills, fatigue, headache, myalgia, and arthralgia are common. Transition from intravenous to subcutaneous application when systemic side effects are encountered can minimize these adverse effects. These antibodies given to patients with immunodeficiency bind to microorganisms, making it easier for immune cells to remove these microorganisms. By replacing the deficient antibodies in patients with incomplete or absent antibody production, the frequency and severity of infections are reduced, and organ damage caused by recurrent infections is prevented. As a result, the patient’s quality of life is improved.

Healthy nutrition provides athletes with increased performance, high-level concentration, and motivation, while inadequate and unbalanced diets can lead to health problems and decreased performance. A healthy diet maximizes the effectiveness of training in athletes and makes them feel fit. A sufficient and balanced diet minimizes the risk of illness and injury and shortens the recovery time after a race or injury.

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