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Orthopedics and Traumatology

Biruni University Hospital Florya Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology provides the most effective service to its patients with its expert medical staff and modern technological equipment. Modern surgical interventions, including endoscopic (arthroscopic) diagnosis and treatment tools, open surgeries, and prosthetic applications, are successfully performed in the department.

Orthopedics and Traumatology is one of the branches that appeal to the widest audience in terms of scope. There are 9 main topics within the scope:

Trauma Surgery Spine Surgery Hand Surgery and Microsurgery Pediatric Orthopedics Sports Surgery (Arthroscopic Surgery) Arthroplasty (Prosthetic Surgery) Reconstructive Surgery (Deformity and Limb Lengthening Surgery) Foot – Ankle Surgery Orthopedic Oncology Trauma Surgery Damage caused by external force applied to the human body is defined as trauma. From an orthopedic perspective, trauma is defined as fracture, dislocation, and fracture-dislocation. If the damage resulting from such injuries is not treated in a timely and appropriate manner, it can result in incorrect healing or non-union. These unpleasant outcomes affect the individual’s remaining life both in terms of health and social aspects.

Spine Surgery The spine is a structure that starts from the head region and includes the coccyx, providing the upright posture of the human. Changes occurring in this structure, both congenital and acquired at any stage of life, result in curvature of the spine (scoliosis, kyphosis, kyphoscoliosis). Experienced physicians are required for the diagnosis and treatment of spinal deformities, fractures, infections, and tumors, especially to prevent complications that may occur after such surgeries. It is also necessary to have adequate equipment and a fully equipped intensive care unit.

Hand Surgery and Microsurgery The hand is one of the most complex organs of our body anatomically and functionally. The presence of over 25 joints, 20 tendons, numerous blood vessels, and nerves closely located to each other in the hand makes it a challenging area for surgery. Therefore,

The surgeon must have the skill and competence to treat various structures such as vessels, nerves, soft tissues, bones, and tendons; It is crucial that surgical treatment, immobilization, physiotherapy, and postoperative follow-up are conducted as a team effort and under the same roof.

Amputations (limb detachments; arm, hand, finger, leg, and foot detachments), tendon, nerve and vessel injuries, nerve injuries, tendon injuries (trigger finger, etc.), congenital and acquired hand injuries, and soft tissue (skin, extensive muscle losses, etc.) are among the surgical procedures performed. Additionally, nerve compressions at the wrist and elbow level can be treated with appropriate non-surgical and surgical methods.

Pediatric Orthopedics It mainly deals with orthopedic conditions in children. Developmental hip dislocations, congenital clubfoot, congenital and acquired disabilities (traffic accidents, burns, brain and polio, spina bifida, birth paralysis-related disabilities), and Perthes disease are within its scope.

Sports Surgery (Arthroscopic Surgery) Arthroscopy, meaning ‘looking into the joint’, is based on the examination of the joint interior, diagnosis of joint diseases, and surgical treatment of diagnosed joint diseases through a lighted optical system inserted into the joint through very small incisions. It can be easily applied to joints such as the knee, shoulder, ankle, wrist, and finger, with the knee joint being the most common. It is frequently used in the treatment of meniscus injuries, anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament repairs in the knee, and repeated dislocations and rotator cuff tears in the shoulder. Generally, the patient can be sent home on the same day or the day after the procedure.

Arthroplasty (Prosthetic Surgery) It is based on the removal of completely damaged joint surfaces in joints where integrity is completely lost and cannot be repaired, and the creation of an artificial joint with bone cement or materials such as titanium, steel, or cobalt-chromium. The frequency of application has been increasing in recent years. It can be applied to all joints, especially the knee and hip joints.

Reconstructive Surgery (Deformity and Limb Lengthening Surgery) It is based on correcting arm or leg deformities in childhood and adulthood, and lengthening the patient’s leg or arm if necessary. With methods using Ilizarov-type rings, computer-assisted, or rail systems, these deformities can be corrected, and limbs can be lengthened. Chronic bone infections can also be treated with these methods.

Foot – Ankle Surgery Hallux valgus (a protrusion in the big toe joint), hallux rigidus (osteoarthritis of the big toe joint), Achilles tendon problems, and chronic foot wounds in diabetic patients are among the conditions that prevent middle-aged women from wearing shoes easily and fall within the scope of interest.

Orthopedic Oncology Surgical treatments of benign and malignant masses related to the muscular and skeletal systems can be performed.

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