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Pediatric Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the digestive system. It focuses on studying diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), and rectum, as well as liver diseases, gallbladder and bile duct diseases, pancreatic diseases, and abdominal wall diseases.

A gastroenterologist is a specialized medical doctor who has received advanced training in these conditions. Becoming a gastroenterologist requires approximately 13 years of education, including medical school. After completing the 6-year medical school program, individuals must pass a medical specialization exam and undergo at least 4 years of residency training in internal medicine before becoming internal medicine specialists. Then, they must pass a subspecialty exam in gastroenterology and complete an additional 3-year fellowship training program in gastroenterology.

During this fellowship, gastroenterologists receive training in advanced interventional procedures such as upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), Endoscopic Ultrasonography, Capsule Endoscopy, pH monitoring, Impedance testing, and other advanced procedures.

When Should You Seek Consultation with a Gastroenterologist?

  • Reflux
  • Painful swallowing, difficulty swallowing
  • Unexplained chest pain
  • Bloating
  • Dyspepsia
  • Persistent hiccups
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weight loss
  • New changes in bowel habits
  • Diarrhea
  • Diseases of the bile ducts and pancreas
  • Gastrointestinal tumors
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal mass
  • Rectal bleeding, black stools
  • Polyps
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis)
  • Celiac disease
  • Food intolerance
  • Diverticula
  • Jaundice
  • Hepatitis (Hepatitis A, B, C, D)
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