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Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

In our Hospital’s Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, we provide services with a team of expert doctors, physiotherapists, physical therapy technicians, and nurses, adhering to the principles of modern medicine in terms of diagnosis and treatment.

Patients can receive outpatient or inpatient treatment according to the requirements of their diagnosis and treatment.

In our Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, in addition to osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, herniated discs in the neck and back, shoulder and knee pain, and rheumatic diseases, we also treat neurological (stroke, MS, Parkinson’s, paraplegia) and orthopedic rehabilitation patients (knee and hip replacement, post-arthroscopy), sports and hand injuries, and pediatric diseases (cerebral palsy). With our treatments and modern technological equipment, we aim to maximize patients’ daily life activities.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation has emerged as a complementary medical discipline in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in all medical fields today. At Biruni University Hospital’s Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department, support can be provided for rehabilitation to almost all types of pediatric and adult patients.

Who is physical therapy applied to? Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation is a medical discipline that uses physical methods and exercises to provide painless and free movement to people, aiming to improve their quality of life. Although commonly used in musculoskeletal disorders, physical therapy and rehabilitation methods can also be used in chronic stages or during the recovery phase of all other systemic diseases.

The most commonly used physical therapy methods include:

Hot treatments: Infrared, hot pack, paraffin Cold treatments: Cold pack, cryotherapy Electric current treatments: TENS, interferential, Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (Compex) Ultrasound therapy Vacuum therapy methods: Vacuum interference Laser therapies: High-intensity laser therapy Shockwave therapy (ESWT) Pneumatic compression-Lymphopress (for lymphatic drainage) Specific exercise therapies (with or without equipment) Ozone therapy Whirlpool bath

Physical therapy is carried out by physiotherapists and electrotherapists according to the physical therapy program tailored to each patient by the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation specialist, along with recommendations and warnings. Various methods of physical therapy are applied in sessions lasting 1-1.5 hours, with an average number of sessions ranging from 15 to 20. Rehabilitation is conducted in sessions lasting at least 1 hour, with a minimum of 30 sessions.

Osteoarthritis (Arthritis) Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease characterized by joint pain and restricted movement, which occurs as a result of the accumulation and wear and tear of the joints. It is one of the most important public health problems of today and can result in various ways due to many factors in our daily life. In treatment, the primary goals are to reduce patients’ pain and other complaints, preserve and improve joint functions, and prevent injuries.

Osteoporosis (Bone Loss) Osteoporosis is the reduction in bone mass and quality in our body due to various factors such as menopause, thyroid diseases, inactivity, certain medications, and alcohol consumption. The disease manifests itself with easily occurring bone fractures and pain. Diagnosis includes examination, blood and urine tests, X-rays, and bone densitometry (bone measurement). Treatment aims to prevent fractures, preserve and increase bone mass, and improve quality of life. It is treated by regulating nutrition, performing appropriate exercise programs, and correcting pain and functional disorders with medications and physical therapy methods.

Herniated Discs in the Neck and Back: Herniated discs in the neck and back occur as a result of the displacement and deformation of the structures called discs between the vertebrae due to improper and strenuous use of the neck and back, heavy lifting, sudden and reverse movements, and traumas. In treatment, rest, medication, patient education, physical therapy, and rehabilitation methods are applied, and in advanced stages, surgical treatment may be performed.

Orthopedic Rehabilitation: Our Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department works in collaboration with our Orthopedics Department. In today’s medical environment, it is accepted and recommended that patients need rehabilitation before and after orthopedic surgical interventions to prepare muscles and joints before surgery and to accelerate and improve healing after surgery. In our hospital, necessary rehabilitation services are provided by our department for all patients undergoing orthopedic surgery (such as joint replacements of the knee and hip, arthroscopic procedures, fractures, hand injuries) either on an outpatient or inpatient basis.

Neurological Rehabilitation: Our Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department collaborates with our Neurology and Neurosurgery Departments. Patients are evaluated in our outpatient clinic and undergo inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation programs before and after any neurological surgical interventions. In addition, in our Neurology Department, patients with conditions such as stroke, MS, and other conditions can also receive inpatient or outpatient physical therapy and rehabilitation.

Athletic Rehabilitation: Regardless of the category of sport practiced, the results of both early and late stages affect the field of rehabilitation medicine in both positive and negative ways. In our department, sports injuries are monitored in collaboration with the Orthopedics Department.

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