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Psychiatry” is the medical field that deals with the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of problems seen in human emotional, mental abilities, behaviors, and adaptation to the environment.

The term “Psychiatry” was first used in 1808 by the German psychiatrist Johann Christian Reil. Its literal meaning is medical mental treatment. Physicians who specialize in the field of psychiatry are called psychiatrists (psychiatry specialists).

Psychiatry utilizes clinical interviews, examinations, laboratory tests, psychological tests, and imaging methods for diagnosis, and it treats identified disorders with pharmacotherapy (drug therapy) and psychotherapy.

Disorders falling within the scope of psychiatry can be summarized as follows: Mood Disorders Depressive Disorders, Bipolar Disorders (Bipolar Disorder)

Anxiety Disorders Panic Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Specific Phobias, Social Phobia, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Psychotic Disorders Schizophrenia, Delusional Disorder (Conditions where the ability to evaluate reality is impaired)

Eating Disorders Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Adjustment Disorders

Sexual Dysfunction Disorders

Sleep Disorders

Personality Disorders

Liaison Psychiatry Psychological disorders occurring in physical illnesses such as diabetes, obesity, cancer

Substance Use Disorders (Alcohol and Other Substance Use Disorders)

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